Schedule 1 Narcotics: What are They?

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Schedule I drugs are, according to the DEA, “the most dangerous drugs of all the drug schedules.” They have no accepted medical use, are highly addictive, and cause a high rate of dependency. Many narcotics, or opioid drugs, fall into this category and are often abused. Schedule I narcotics are often much stronger than their schedule II, III, or IV counterparts and can cause many dangerous effects.

What are the Criteria for Schedule I Drugs?

For a drug to fall under a certain schedule classification, it must meet certain criteria. Schedule I narcotics are classified as such because they meet the criteria and are often hazardous to a person’s health. According to the DOJ, the criteria for schedule I drugs are:

Schedule 1 Narcotics

The Department of Justice classifies certain drugs as schedule 1 narcotics.

  • “The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.”
  • “The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States.”
  • “There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substance under medical supervision.”

“Examples of Schedule I substances include… gamma hydroxybutyric acid (GHB), lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), marijuana, and methaqualone.” These are all particularly addictive and highly abused drugs or substances, and they all tend to cause high levels of dependency in users.

However, narcotic schedule I drugs all have the similar effects of opioid drugs: euphoria, nausea, drowsiness, respiratory depression, and pain relief. These schedule I narcotics are more dangerous than other, medically-accepted narcotics, and they are illegal to buy and sell in the United States.

What are the Schedule I Narcotics?

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47,300* People Addicted
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8,209* Deaths
*Statistic from 2015

Some of the narcotic drugs that are classified as schedule I substances are:

  • Heroin: This is one of the most well-known and deadly schedule I narcotics. According to the NIDA, “4.2 million Americans aged 12 or older(or 1.6 percent) had used heroin at least once in their lives” in the year 2011. About “23 percent of individuals who use heroin become dependent on it.”
  • 3-Methylfentanyl: This drug is an analog of fentanyl and a narcotic. It is highly abused, sold on the black market, and illegal. One of its most common street names is China White.
  • Alpha-Methylfentanyl
  • Beta-hydroxyfentanyl
  • Para-Fluorofentanul
  • Thiofentanyl
  • Codeine methylbromide: This drug is the bromomethane salt of codeine.
  • Codeine-N-oxide
  • Morpheridine: This drug is related to pethidine, an opioid or narcotic drug.
  • Morphine methylbromide
  • Morphine-N-oxide
  • Normorphine
  • Nicomorphine
  • Properidine
  • Trimeperidine

Why Are Some Narcotics Illegal While Others Aren’t?

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Most narcotics are opioid analgesics that are prescribed to treat pain that is anywhere from mild to severe to chronic. This is why most schedule I narcotics are analogs, derivatives, and otherwise different and stronger versions of schedule II, III, and IV narcotics.

These drugs are all illegal to buy and sell in the United States and currently have no medical value. They are all highly addictive and dangerous which is why if at one time they were used medically to treat certain conditions, they are no longer used that way now. Abusing a schedule I narcotic is very dangerous and can lead quickly to addiction, dependence, and even death.

If you or someone you love is addicted to a schedule 1 narcotic, call (800) 407-7195 to discuss treatment options with a caring specialist. 

the Take-Away

The drug schedules are used as a classification system for some of the most dangerous drugs in the world. Those on schedule I have no accepted medical use, and have the highest potential for abuse.