Stimulant drugs significantly affect a user’s brain and behavior, usually creating a euphoric feeling to occur throughout a person’s body. However, they also negatively affect a user’s body in various ways.
How Stimulants Affect the Body
What are Stimulants?
The three main classes of drugs are depressants, which slow a body down, hallucinogens, which cause distortions in a person’s vision and hearing, and stimulants, which speed a person’s body up.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, stimulants were first used in the medical field to help treat respiratory problems such as asthma, as well as obesity disorders and neurological disorders. But, as people began to abuse the drugs, many people began getting addicted to the drugs and because of this the use of stimulants in medical field significantly decreased. Stimulants increase alertness, attention, and energy, as well as elevate blood pressure, heart rate, and respiration.
When an individual takes a stimulant drug, the drug will flow through their blood stream and go up into their brain where it will begin to impair the chemicals in the brain. This is what causes the euphoric feeling that people enjoy while using stimulants. Stimulants will cause people to having stronger performance levels, feel more confident, feel more alert, and feel happier. However, there are numerous health risks that occur from abusing stimulant drugs and they can be fatal.
The Effects of Stimulants on a Person’s Body
Stimulant drugs not only effect a person’s feelings and endurance levels, but they are called stimulants because they put a person’s body in overdrive, which results in a person’s heart rate increasing and their body functioning at a faster speed. A person abusing stimulant drugs will most likely be extremely talkative and be constantly on the move.
Abuse of stimulants can lead to a person having sudden cardiac arrest, heart palpitations, and stroke. Stimulant abuse also causes a person to avoid sleeping, which is vital to good health and can cause a person to have anxiety and depression even when the drugs are out of their system. This can also lead to rapid weight loss and a person not receiving the vitamins and nutrition they need for good health.
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, a stimulant drug can increase a person’s heart rate, increase blood pressure, and increase their body temperature, as well as decrease their sleep and appetite. When stimulants are abused, they can lead to malnutrition and prolonged or repeated abuse of stimulants can lead to a user having constant feelings of paranoia and hostility. In high doses, stimulants can lead to sudden heart problems, including stroke.
Stimulant drugs negatively affect a person physically and mentally and their abuse can lead to sudden death and long term psychological problems that a person will endure even when they stop using the drug.